Pears

Pears need more warmth and sunshine than apples to grow and bear fruit. They flower earlier so are more susceptible to frost damage. Plant pears in a warm, sheltered position which is not a frost pocket.

Pears will grow in a wide range of soil conditions from sandy loam to clay loam, they are tolerant of wetter soils than apples but are less tolerant of drought.


Rootstocks

Rootstocks in order of their vigour are outlined below: -

Quince C - Dwarf. A good rootstock to be used in good fertile soils. It has poor anchorage so requires permanent staking. It will reach a height of 2.5-3m. Trees grown on this rootstock will bear fruit within three to four years. Used for bush trees, pyramids, cordons, and fans.

Quince A - Semi-Dwarf. A general purpose rootstock which is suitable for most soils including relatively poor soils. It will reach a height of 3-3.5m. Trees grown on this rootstock will bear fruit within four to five years. Used for bush trees, half-standards, cordons, espaliers, and fans.

Pyrodwarf - Vigorous. A new relatively dwarfing pear rootstock. Can be used for most soil conditions including relatively poor soil and grassed orchards. It will reach a height of 4.5m. Trees grown on this rootstock will bear fruit within four to five years. Used for half standards.

Pyrus communis - Very Vigorous. A good rootstock suitable for a wide range of soils including poor soils and grassed orchards. It will reach a height of 6m. Trees grown on this rootstock will bear fruit within five to six years. Used for half standard and standard trees.


Varieties

Pears are available as bare-root one-year-maidens from November to March. Trained forms of pears are available in 12 litre pots all-year-round.


Asian Pear 'Kumoi'

Dessert. Has attractive foliage, best grown as a wall trained tree. Fruit stores well in a fridge. Self Fertile


Asian Pear 'Shinseiki'

Asian Pear 'Shinseiki'

Dessert. Has attractive foliage, best grown as a wall trained tree. Fruit stores well in a fridge. Self Fertile


Pear 'Baronne de Mello'

Dessert. A small pear which has skin which is almost entirely covered with dark brown russet, which is thin and smooth, so that it has no roughness to the feel. The greenish yellow flesh is fine-grained, melting, juicy, and buttery. Its season of use is late October to November. (Belgium 1847). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Beth'

Dessert. A small to medium sized pear which has smooth, pale green skin, turning to pale yellow. The creamy white flesh is sweet, juicy, and melting, with a good flavour. Its season of use is early to mid September. (HRI, East Malling, Kent: 1938). Flowering Group 3.

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QA £36.50 each


Pear 'Beurre Hardy'

Pear 'Beurre Hardy'

Dessert. A medium to large sized pear which has light green skin which is covered with bronze russet. The creamy flesh which is green under the skin is fine, juicy, and tender with rose water flavour. Its season of use is October. (France 1820). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Beurre Superfin'

Dessert. A medium sized pear which has mid green turning yellow skin, which has numerous patches of light brown russet. The pale yellow flesh is fine, melting, slightly gritty at the core, with a delicious scented flavour. Its season of use is October. (Angers. France 1837). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Black Worcester'

Cooker. A large sized pear which has dull green skin, almost entirely covered by brown russet, many fruits have a purplish flush which through the russet gives a black appearance. The creamy white flesh is sweet, juicy, and melting, with a good flavour. Its season of use is January to April. (16th Century). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Blakeney Red'

Perry. A very reliable pear which has yellow skin with a heavy flush, and patches of russet. Makes a medium tannin, medium acid perry. Its season of use is late September to mid- October. (Gloucestershire). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Brandy'

Perry. A small pear which has pale greenish-yellow skin which has a bright red flush. Bears heavy crops. Its season of use is October. (Gloucestershire 19th Century). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Cannock'

Cooker. Perry. A small general pear for perry, bottling, stewing and possibly eating if stored long enough. (Staffordshire). Flowering Group 3.

Containerised Trees

Two Year Straight Lead QA £36.50 easch


Pear 'Catillac'

Pear 'Catillac'

Cooking. A large pear which has dull green changing to greenish-yellow skin which has a dull red flush. Its season of use is January to April. (France 1665). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Celebration'

Dessert. Conference x Packham's Triumph. A large pyriform pear which has light green skin on a yellow background. The flesh is of excellent flavour. Its season of use is mid September to October. (Kent 1972). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Concorde'

Dessert. Medium to large pear which has pale green turning yellow skin, some with large patches of gold or brown russet. The pale yellow flesh is sweet and juicy with a mild flavour. Heavy cropper. Its season of use is October and November. (HRI, East Malling, Kent: 1977) Flowering Group 4. Self Fertile

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QC £38.50 each

Three Year 1/2 Standard QA £40.75 each


Pear 'Conference'

Pear 'Conference'

Dessert. A medium sized pear which has yellowish-green skin with brown russet over areas of the fruit. The pale yellow flesh which has a slight pinkish tinge towards the core is melting, sweet and very juicy, with a pleasant pear flavour. Good cropper. Its season of use is October to November. (Sawbridgeworth, Herts. 19th Century). Flowering Group 3. Self Fertile

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QC £38.50 each


Pear 'Doyenne d'Ete'

Dessert. A small pear which has bright green skin which changes to pale yellow with a brownish red flush. The white flesh is melting, sweet and moderately juicy. Its season of use is mid-July to early August. (France 1700) Flowering Group 1.


Pear 'Doyenne du Comice'

Pear 'Doyenne du Comice'

Dessert. A medium to large pear which has pale green turning to pale yellow skin, sometimes with a red flush. The pale yellow flesh is juicy, melting, fine, and very slightly gritty at the core. Needs good pollination - ‘Concorde’ is ideal. Its season of use is mid-October to mid-November. (France 19th Century). Flowering Group 4.

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QA £36.50 each


Pear 'Durondeau'

Dessert. A medium to large pear which has golden yellow skin, nearly covered by patches and netting of golden russet, sometimes with a red flush. The white flesh is moderately juicy, melting, with a sweet and pleasant flavour. Its season of use is October to November. (Belgium 1811). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Emile d'Heyst'

Dessert. A medium sized pear which has light green turning to yellowish green skin, with variable amounts of golden brown russet. The white flesh which is slightly yellowish green beneath the skin is firm, fine, moderately juicy, sweet, with a subacid pleasant flavour. Its season of use is November. (Belgium 1847). Flowering Group 2.


Pear 'Fondante d'Automne'

Dessert. A medium sized pear which has green turning to yellowish green skin, sometimes with a very faint pink flush. The white flesh, tinged green beneath the skin is fine, melting, juicy, with a food flavour. Its season of use is September and October. (France 1825). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Glou Morceau'

Dessert. A medium to large pear which has pale green turning to pale greenish yellow skin, with very little russet. The white flesh is fine, melting, juicy, and slightly gritty at the core, with a good pear flavour, especially after a hot summer. Its season of use is December to January. (Belgium 1750). Flowering Group 2.


Pear 'Gorham'

Pear 'Gorham'

Dessert. A small to medium sized pear which has pale green turning to pale yellow skin, some fruits are entirely covered with light brown russet. The cream flesh is fine, juicy, with a sweet musky flavour. Its season of use is mid-September to early October. (USA 1910). Flowering Group 1.


Pear 'Green Horse'

Perry. A high acid, low tannin pear which makes a good quality perry. The skin is green or yellowish green, sometimes with a slight orange flush. Its season of use is October. (Gloucestershire). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Harley Gum'

Pear 'Harley Gum'

Perry. A medium acid, medium to high tannin pear which makes a good vintage quality perry. The skin is pale green, usually with a slight flush, often slightly striped. Its season of use is November. (Gloucestershire). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Hellens Early'

Perry. A medium acid, low to medium tannin pear of average quality. The skin is greenish yellow, with a slight to heavy flush. Its season of use is September. (Gloucestershire). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Hendre Huffcap'

Perry. A medium acid, low tannin pear which makes a pleasant light quality perry. The skin is green, yellowish green or yellow, with a slight orange flush. Its season of use is October. (Gloucestershire). Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Humbug'

Cooking/Dessert. A green, yellow and pink striped pear which has a sweet and juicy texture with a thick skin. Young shoots even appear stripy in winter. Its season of use is October. (Ukraine). Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Invincible'

Pear 'Invincible'

Cooker/Dessert. A well named pear as it is a because it is tough and hardy, producing heavy crops of dual purpose pears and will blossom for a second time after a heavy frost. An excellent choice for an exposed situation where a pear tree is a must. Picks in late-September and will store to November. Flowering Group 2. Self Fertile

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QA £36.50 each

Three Year 1/2 Standard QA £40.75 each


Pear 'Jargonelle'

Dessert. A medium sized pear which has mid green to greenish yellow skin, with a brownish red flush and some russet patches. The pale yellow flesh is tender and juicy with a slight musky flavour. Its season of use is mid to late August. (1629) Flowering Group 1.


Pear 'Josephine de Malines'

Dessert. A small pear which has pale green turning to yellowish green skin, some fruits have patches of green russet. The white flesh, tinged green under the skin is fine, melting, sweet and moderately juicy. Its season of use is January to February. (Belgium 1830) Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Judge Amphlet'

Perry. Greenish yellow skin with a russet cheek. Makes a light low tannin perry. Its season of use is September. (Worcestershire 20th Century) Flowering Group 1.


Pear 'Louise Bonne of Jersey'

Pear 'Louise Bonne of Jersey'

Dessert. A small to medium sized pear which has pale green turning pale yellowish green skin, with a red flush. The white flesh is sweet, juicy, and melting with a good pleasant flavour. Its season of use is October. (France 1780) Flowering Group 2.

Containerised Trees

Three Year 1/2 Standard QA £40.75 each


Pear 'Merton Pride'

Dessert. A large pear which has green turning to yellow skin, with some russet around the stalk and eye, and netted elsewhere. The creamy white flesh is soft, melting, fine, very juicy, sweet, with an excellent pear flavour. Its season of use is mid to late September. (Surrey 1941) Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Moonglow'

A large pear, somewhat similar to 'Williams' but with a finer flavour and texture. Its season of use is August. (USA 1960). Flowering Group 3


Pear 'Onward'

A medium sized pear which is light green changing to yellow-green, some have a heavy russet, others have a pinkish flush. The flesh is creamy white and has a sweet rich and juicy flavour. It is a good cropper. Doesn’t pollinate ‘Doyenne du Comice’. Its season of use is September. (Wisley, Surrey 1947). Flowering Group 4

Containerised Trees

Three Year 1/2 Standard QA £40.75 each


Pear 'Packham's Triumph'

Dessert. Medium to large pear which has bright green turning pale yellow skin. The pale yellow flesh is juicy, fine with a musky flavour. Its season of use is October to November. (Australia 19th Century) Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Pitmaston Duchess'

Dessert. A very large pear which has light green turning pale yellow skin, some with a slight red flush. The yellowish white flesh is melting, juicy, slightly gritty around the core with a good flavour. Its season of use is October. (Worcestershire 1841) Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Precoce de Trevoux'

Dessert. Medium to large pear which has pale green turning yellow skin, some with a bright carmine red flush. The white flesh is juicy, buttery, with a rich flavour with some perfume and musk flavour. Its season of use is early September. (France 1862) Flowering Group 2.


Pear 'Robine'

Dessert. A small pear which has green turning yellow skin, with small brown dots. The white flesh is crisp, with a dry but sugary, musky flavour. Its season of use is August. Flowering Group 3.


Pear 'Sensation'

Dessert. A sport of Williams. Medium to large fruit which has red skin. The white flesh is very juicy, sweet, with a good flavour. Its season of use is December to January.(Australia 1940) Flowering Group 5.


Pear 'Shipova'

Cooker/Dessert. The best of the Sorbus x Pyrus (Sorbopyrus). Attractive white flowers, large leaves which are felted beneath. The fruits are small and delicious. Its season of use is September. Flowering Group 5.


Pear 'Tettenhall Dick'

Pear 'Tettenhall Dick'

Cooker/Dessert/Perry. "Tettenhall Dicks are as hard as bricks". A small pear for eating, bottling or stewing. Its season of use is September. (Black Country) Flowering Group 2. Self Fertile


Pear 'Thorn'

Perry. Heavy crops of small pears which have yellow skin with some russet. It produces a low tannin perry. Its season of use is September. (Gloucestershire 1670) Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Williams' Bon Chrétien'

Medium to large fruit which has pale green turning to golden-yellow skin, some fruits have very faint red stripes. The white flesh is very juicy, sweet, with a good flavour. Its season of use is December to January.(Berkshire 19th Century) Flowering Group 3.

Containerised Trees

Two Year Bush QA £36.50 each


Pear 'Winnal's Longdon'

Perry. A medium to high acid, low tannin perry of good quality. The skin is greenish yellow, or yellow with a heavy red flush, often streaked, with a slight to heavy bloom. Its season of use is October. (Herefordshire c.1790) Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Winter Nelis'

Dessert. A small to medium sized pear which has pale green turning pale yellowish green skin, with large areas of russet. The greenish white flesh is sweet and juicy with a good flavour. Its season of use is December to January. (Belgium 19th Century) Flowering Group 4.


Pear 'Yellow Huffcap'

Perry. A medium to high acid, low tannin perry which is fruity, full flavoured and consistently of good to excellent quality. The skin is green, yellow or yellowish black, without a flush. Its season of use is October. Flowering Group 4.